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    数字化转型背景下县域城乡教师网络研修: 样态、困境与破解

    Online Training for Urban and Rural Teachers in the Context of Digital Transformation: Patterns, Dilemmas and Solutions

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【作      者】:

张立国, 林攀登, 梁凯华, 刘晓琳, 曾庆佳


【关 键 词 】:

教育数字化转型; 城乡教师; 网络研修; 需求驱动; 方法创新


【栏      目】:

学科建设与教师发展


【中文摘要】:

县域城乡师资均衡配置是义务教育优质均衡发展的重点,也是难点。网络研修为突破这一难点提供了数字化战略选择。如何推进县域城乡教师网络研修,是县域义务教育数字化转型不得不面对的问题,必须予以高度重视。县域城乡教师网络研修主要存在区域常规式网络研修、名师引领式网络研修和校际协同式网络研修三种样态。县域城乡教师网络研修“形象”虽已数字化,但“灵魂”依旧停留在工业化阶段,整体上还是依附于原有的教师研修体制机制,沿用了传统教师研修的方式、方法。数字化与工业化的矛盾引发了县域城乡教师网络研修的诸多困境。破解困境的根本出路在于实施供给改革,由原来的供给驱动转变为需求驱动;关键在于统筹规划,以教学实践为核心构建“教—研—训”一体化研修体系;落脚点在于以方法创新推进数字技术与教师研修深度融合。


【英文摘要】:

The balanced allocation of teachers in country urban and rural areas is both the focus and the difficulty for the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education. Online training provides a digital strategic choice for breaking through this difficulty. How to promote online training for county urban and rural teachers is an issue that must be faced in the digital transformation of compulsory education, and must be given high priority. There are three main patterns of online training for county urban and rural teachers: regional regular online training, master teacher-led online training and inter-school collaborative online training. Although the "form" of online training for county urban and rural teachers has been digitized, the "soul" still remains in the "industrialized" stage, which is still attached to the original mechanism of teacher training, and follows the traditional ways and methods of teacher training. The contradiction between digitalization and industrialization has led to many dilemmas for online training for county urban and rural teachers. The fundamental way to solve this dilemma lies in the implementation of supply reform, from the supply-driven way to the demand-driven supply. The key lies in the overall planning, with teaching practice as the core to construct a "teaching-research-training" integrated training system with a view to promote the deep integration of digital technology and teacher training with innovative methods.


【下      载】:

数字化转型背景下县域城乡教师网络研修: 样态、困境与破解

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