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    从实体到关系:重申教学空间的内涵、 特征与发展进路 ——面向数智时代的思考

    From Entity to Relationship: Restating the Connotation, Characteristics and Development Approach of Teaching Space

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【作      者】:

马 飞


【关 键 词 】:

数智时代; 教学空间; 技术逻辑; 本质反思; 教学变革


【栏      目】:

课程与教学


【中文摘要】:

面向数智时代,教学空间的变革不仅指向技术层面的赋能,而且是一种从形式到内容、本质以及价值观的根本性改变,迫切需要激活教学空间的本体活力,防止技术思维遮蔽教育思维。从空间的社会本体论出发,对其本质内涵的分析从“背景性”“技术性”转向“本体性”,具有重要的方法论意义。在本质上,教学空间是指向其本身的由物质性、精神性和社会性辩证统一的整体性存在,它既是教学活动得以存在与发展的生存空间,承载、支撑和服务于教学活动,又是彻底开放的、充满想象的、真实的社会空间,蕴含着对教学空间生存性价值与生命意义的追求与向往。教学空间作为教学存在的基本形式,具有整体性、关系性、历史性、主体性和开放性等基本特性。实现对教学空间从理解、把握到智慧的实践转换,需要以关系思维提升教学空间的理论解释力,使其真正成为一种观察、理解和研究教学的视角和方法,合理定位教学空间在“技术与生命”之间的变革张力,以此创设与课程改革理念相吻合的教学空间,实现教学与空间的双向赋能,促进新型教学方式的建立与发展。


【英文摘要】:

In the age of digital intelligence, the reform of teaching space not only refers to the empowerment of technology, but also is a fundamental change from the form to the content, essence and value. It is urgent to activate the ontological vitality of teaching space and prevent technical thinking from overshadowing educational thinking. Starting from the social ontology of space, it is of great methodological significance to shift the analysis of its essential connotation from "background" and "technology" to "ontology". In essence, teaching space is a holistic existence that points to its dialectical unity of materiality, spirituality and sociality, which is not only the living space for the existence and development of teaching activities, carrying, supporting and serving teaching activities, but also a completely open, imaginative and real social space, containing the pursuit and aspiration for the survival value and meaning of life in the teaching space. As the basic form of teaching existence, teaching space has the basic characteristics of integrity, relationship, historicity, subjectivity and openness. To realize the practical transformation of teaching space from understanding, grasping to wisdom, it is necessary to enhance the theoretical explanatory power of teaching space with relational thinking, so that it can truly become a perspective and method of observing, understanding and researching teaching and learning. And it is necessary to reasonably locate the change tension of teaching space between technology and life, so as to create a teaching space in line with the concept of curriculum reform. As a result, mutual empowerment of teaching and space can be achieved to promote the establishment and development of new teaching methods.


【下      载】:

从实体到关系:重申教学空间的内涵、 特征与发展进路 ——面向数智时代的思考

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