【关 键 词 】：
学习空间； 学习范式； 适应性学习； 学习层次； 学习角色责任
n the development of educational informatization, the innovation of technology promotes the important changes of learning space in form and other aspects. The learning space characterized by "instruction" is convenient for students to form the knowledge of the known world. The learning space characterized by "inquiry" can help students to use the knowledge of the known world to solve the problem in unknown world, but these two kinds of space are more convenient for teachers to provide common education for learners. After the emergence of learning space characterized by "adaptation", learning will be able to embody personalization and meet different needs of structured talents in the future. However, learning space itself does not lead to changes in learning and may even lead to alienation. Only from the perspective of the learning paradigm and recognizing the roles and responsibilities of middle school students, teachers and various learning support and service systems in the new paradigm, the adaptive learning will become the new normal in education.