余胜泉， 陈 璠
【关 键 词 】：
智慧教育； 教育服务； 服务生态； 云网融合； 互操作模型； 云计算
Smart education is an inevitable trend of future education, but there are structural dilemmas in the process of continuously promoting smart education: the fragmentation of educational information system construction, the dilemma between integrated construction and decentralized construction system, the increasing complexity of maintenance and management by intelligent technology, the lack of continuous maintenance of education information system, the difficulty of developing dynamic and variable educational applications, and the vulnerability of campus network security. In order to cope with those dilemmas, it should be recognized that having services is more important than having technology, and that education services supported by intelligent technology are the key to this, and that educational informatization should be transformed from focusing on platform construction and resource construction to focusing on service construction. The key to smart education service is to establish an open service ecosystem, which is based on a service architecture of cloud-network integration to build an education service market that can combine services freely and exchange services equally. Education services are jointly constructed by the government, education users and education service providers, and such multi-party participation and collaborative approach can effectively promote the normal operation of education service ecology. Moreover, the service architecture of cloud-network integration includes a capability service layer, a regional sharing layer and a service convergence layer. The capability service layer builds services oriented to educational business based on the interoperation model of education services. The regional sharing layer and the service convergence layer rely on the interoperation model to connect various education service systems and education units, so as to realize the dynamic circulation of educational data and the co-construction and sharing of high-quality educational resources.