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    计算思维:信息技术学科核心素养培养的核心议题

    Computational Thinking: A Key Issue of Cultivating Core Literacy of Information Technology

【作      者】:

张立国, 王国华


【关 键 词 】:

核心素养; 学科素养; 信息技术; 计算思维


【栏      目】:

学科建设与教师发展


【中文摘要】:

计算思维作为信息技术学科核心素养之一,是信息化社会中数字公民所应具备的基本素养。文章通过对国内外的18个计算思维概念的核心词汇进行抽取,理清了计算思维的核心本质,并对其概念进行了界定,同时阐明了计算思维对于信息技术学科核心素养的价值。文章认为,计算思维本质上是人们理解自然系统与社会系统的思维方法和思维活动,是使用科学工具进行抽象模拟以寻求问题解决最优化方案的系统过程;计算思维既是信息技术学科核心素养的根基,也是联结基础操作与行为思想的核心要素,更是信息技术核心素养培养的着力点。在对国内外文献分析及计算思维特征分析的基础上,提出基于游戏化理念、问题解决理念、可视化理念的计算思维培养的教学策略。


【英文摘要】:

As one of the key competencies of information technology, computational thinking is the basic competency for digital citizens in the information society. This paper extracts 18 core vocabulary of the concept of computational thinking at home and abroad, clarify the essence of computational thinking, defines the concept of computational thinking and expounds the value of computational thinking to the core literacy of information technology. According to the article, computational thinking is essentially the thinking method and thinking activity for people to understand natural system and social system, and a systematic process of using scientific tools for abstract simulation to seek optimum solutions to problems. Computational thinking is not only the foundation of key competencies of information technology , but also the core element of connecting basic operation and behavior thought, and it is also the focus of core literacy of information technology. Based on the analysis of domestic and foreign literature and computational thinking, this paper puts forward a teaching strategy for training computational thinking based on the concept of gamification, problem solving and visualization.


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计算思维:信息技术学科核心素养培养的核心议题

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