王 竹 立
【关 键 词 】：
开放大学； 互联网+大学； 新知识观； 新建构主义； 新型高等学校
The transformation of China's Open University has been tested for more than 10 years. Although great achievements have been made, the dilemma of having strong enemies in front and pursuers at the back has not been shaken off. In order to explore the underlying reasons and propose solutions, this paper analyzes the history, current situation, existing problems, advantages and disadvantages of Open University (Radio and Television University), and concludes that the key lies in the unclear understanding of the nature and positioning of the "new type of higher education institution" and the incomplete understanding of the essence of "Internet + University", resulting in the incomplete transformation and reform. In the Internet era, great changes have taken place in knowledge and learning. The real needs of adult learners have changed from acquiring knowledge to improving their abilities of online learning and lifelong learning, and receiving timely support, help and guidance in the learning process. Open universities must find their own positioning, and develop a misaligned way with ordinary universities and other higher education institutions and enterprises, so as to build "Internet + universities" in a real sense. It is necessary to break through the school-running idea of taking subjects and specialty teaching as the center and further transform the academic education to non-academic lifelong education. New types of learning activities such as project-based learning, Taobao-style learning and academy-style learning can be developed in response to learners' interests and needs, drawing on the experience and models of travel agencies and social networking sites. The new quality concept of "quality is to meet the needs" should be established, and academic research with the characteristics of the Open University should be carried out to improve the teaching quality and social reputation.