黄荣怀， 刘梦彧， 刘嘉豪， 张定文
【关 键 词 】：
智慧教育； 数字化转型； 表现性特征； 建构性特征； 教育信息化
As a high-end form of education informatization development, smart education is in line with the development goal of education digital transformation and has become a target of education development in various countries and a topic of common concern for the whole society. The deep integration of technology and education endows smart education with brand-new features reflected in the performative features of a country or region's smart education ecology, namely the "development goal" of smart education and the constructive features of a smart education system, namely the "practical path" of smart education. Among them, the performative features should conform to the principles of consensus, directionality and stability, embodied in (1) Student-Centered Pedagogy, (2) Comprehensive Development Learning Assessment, (3) Smart and Ubiquitous Learning Environment, (4) Continuous Improvement Education Culture, (5) Commitment to Inclusion and Equity in Education, which are also the five primary features of smart education. The constructive features should conform to the principles of operability, stage and diversity, embodied in (1) Social Learning Community for Active Students, (2) Prioritized Support Program for Teachers, (3) Adopting Technologies in line with Ethics and Privacy, (4) Sustainable Plan for Education Reform, (5) Effective Muti-Sector Collaboration, which are also the five subsidiary features of smart education.