曹 培 杰
【关 键 词 】：
未来学校； 国际动态； 互联网+教育； 教育变革
在社会转型的驱动下，以工厂为原型的传统学校正在加速衰败，强调个性化学习的未来学校受到国际社会的广泛关注。文章采用国际比较法和案例分析法，对美国的HTH学校、瑞典的Vittra Telefonplan学校、法国的Ecole 42学校等典型案例进行分析，揭示未来学校将从“批量生产”模式走向“私人订制”模式，通过空间、课程和技术的融合，为学生提供个性化的学习体验，并呈现出三大趋势：打破工厂车间式的教室布局，增加学习空间的开放性和灵活性，支持教师开展创造性的教学活动；弥补分科教学的不足，倡导基于跨学科的项目式学习，构建融会贯通的课程体系；用互联网思维改造教育，拆除学校与外部社会之间的“墙”，积极吸纳外部社会的优质资源，推动学校从三尺讲台走向无边界学习。
Because of social transformation, the decline of traditional schools based on factories is accelerating, and the future school, which emphasizes personalized learning, has attracted wide attention around the world. This paper adopts international comparison and case analysis to analyze some typical cases, including HTH school in the United States, Vittra Telefonplan school in Sweden, Ecole 42 in France etc. The results show that in the future, schools will move from "mass production" model to "private ordering" model and provide students with personalized learning experience through the integration of learning space, curriculum and technology. Moreover, there are three major trends: to break the workshop-style classroom layout, increase the openness and flexibility of learning space, and support teachers to carry out creative teaching activities; to make up for the deficiency of subject-specific teaching, advocate the interdisciplinary project-based learning, and construct a comprehensive curriculum system; to reform education with internet thinking, dismantle the
"wall" between schools and external society, actively absorb high-quality resources from outside society, and promote schools from closed educational system to borderless learning.