【关 键 词 】：
循证教育治理； 大数据； 内涵特征； 发展逻辑； 运行机制
In the era of big data, education is facing crises such as "data-only theory", "data generalization" and "data mutual exclusion". It has become an important issue to promote the scientific and high-quality development of the education governance system in the new era by reforming the way of education governance and moving towards evidence-based education governance. This study holds that in the era of big data, evidence-based education governance is a method for multiple governance subjects use intelligent technologies to accurately manage public education affairs by using research evidence transformed through data, information and knowledge. This study comprehensively expounds the development logic of the shift from traditional educational governance to evidence-based educational governance in terms of governance context, rationale, and philosophy. Finally, this study puts forward a practical operation mechanism of evidence-based education governance from the aspects of constructing a guidance mechanism of education governance with long-term interaction between "leadership and effective evidence", promoting a two-way balanced evidence communication mechanism of education governance with "public values and effective evidence", and improving the consultation mechanism of education governance with multifaceted communication between "leadership and public values".