杜 文 彬
【关 键 词 】：
STEM； 课程； CiteSpace； 文献述评
近年来，STEM教育因其对学生21世纪关键能力培养的有效回应而成为世界教育改革的热门话题，各国纷纷展开了STEM教育研究。为探索STEM教育研究的发展脉络，为我国STEM教育发展提供理论与实践两方面的有效借鉴，本研究运用CiteSpace V知识图谱软件，对Web of Science 收录的803篇STEM教育研究文献进行了文献共被引网络可视化分析。结果表明，当前STEM教育研究的热点主题包括STEM概念化建设研究、教育公平研究、学生学业成就研究以及教学实践研究四大类。国际STEM教育发展呈现出明显的国家干预特征，研究重点由价值引导转向了课程实践。推进基础教育阶段STEM课程一体化建设是STEM教育研究领域的未来发展方向。
Recently, STEM education has become a hot issue in education reform around the world due to its effective response to the cultivation of students' critical abilities in the 21st century. In order to explore the development of STEM education studies and provide effective references in theory and practice for the development of STEM education in China, this study uses CiteSpace V knowledge mapping software to analyze the co-citation network of 803 STEM education research literatures collected by Web of Science. The results show that the main topics of current STEM education studies includes STEM conceptualization research, education equity research, student academic achievement research and teaching practice research. The development of international STEM education has been obviously affected by national policies. And the emphasis of the research has been shifted from value orientation to curriculum practice. Promoting the construction of integrated STEM curriculum in basic education is the future direction of STEM education research.