郭 炯， 荣 乾， 郝建江
【关 键 词 】：
人工智能； 教学应用； 人机协作； 研究综述； 替代教师； 赋能教师
The application of artificial intelligence technology in education and teaching is increasingly popular, and the domestic research on human-machine collaboration is mostly focused on macro theoretical exploration, but less on practical research. In view of this, this study takes the literature related to the application of artificial intelligence in teaching of three internationally influential journals in recent three years as samples, focuses on artificial intelligence instead of teaching and empowering teaching, and analyzes the current status of the application of artificial intelligence in teaching in foreign countries. It can be seen that in foreign countries, on the basis of exploring cognitive characteristics,learning essence and the law of education, the researchers focus on embedding artificial intelligent technologies such as machine learning, logical reasoning and natural language understanding into tools, systems, or platforms for teaching, learning and decision-making, to support the study on constructing experiential learning situations, standardizing learning behaviors, evaluating academic performance and ability structure, and formulating personalized learning paths and contents, etc., which aims to optimize the teaching methods and paths for providing personalized learning services for learners through human-computer cooperation. These researches results provide methodological guidance and referential research paradigm for developing artificial intelligence teaching products, understanding the nature of learning and exploring the principles of teaching, however, there are also some problems such as narrowing, fragmentation and microcosm in the research. Later researches need to be carried out from macroscopic and mesoscopic perspectives, including the relationship between artificial intelligence and teaching, key technologies in the application of artificial intelligence in teaching, the theoretical basis of artificial intelligence empowering teachers, the fusion form of artificial intelligence and teaching, and teachers' literacy under the background of human-machine collaboration.