【关 键 词 】：
人工智能； 教育社会实验； 芬伯格； 次级工具化； 作用机理； 建构路径
Educational social experiment of artificial intelligence (AI) can bridge the linear bifurcation between the production of intelligent technologies and educational applications, promote the interoperability and balance between intelligent technologies and the intentionality of the educational field, and effectively avoid and control the risk of alienated education with intelligent technologies. By analyzing the value perspective of educational social experiment of AI and the mechanism of educational social experiment of AI combined with Feinberg's secondary instrumentalization theory, it is found that educational social experiment of AI can gradually promote the social transformation of AI technology in the educational field through four links of "systematization, mediation, professionalization and initiative". Based on this, in the future development of AI educational social experiments, the pilot mechanism of AI educational social experiments should be improved, the ethical framework of AI educational social experiments should be constructed, the whole process of AI educational social experiments should be guaranteed to be controlled, and the cycle of AI educational social experiments governance should be created, so as to promote responsible innovation in the application of intelligent technology to education.