【关 键 词 】：
数据领导力； 数据素养； 领导力； 学校领导者
The era of big data has brought a profound data transformation to school education, and the current use of school data is gradually turning into an organizational behavior, which urgently needs school leaders to improve their inherent data leadership. Based on the dual theoretical sources of data literacy and educational leadership, this study clarifies the connotative characteristics of data leadership. Then, through the keyword co-occurrence analysis of literature and the Delphi method, a structural model of data leadership is constructed, covering 4 primary elements of data planning, data building, data decision-making and data leadership, and 19 secondary indicators. Based on the case study of Chase Bluff School in the United States, it is found that the practice path of data leadership mainly includes creating a school data culture atmosphere that "embraces risks", improving the two-way creation of data system and data institution, forming a core data team with multiple symbiosis, and highlighting data leader's personal philosophy of action. The quality and development of data leadership can be achieved through the following paths: formulating data leadership standards to clarify the training specifications for data leaders; developing multi-dimensional data leadership improvement courses based on the project; and enhancing the practical wisdom of leaders through on-site learning of data use.